The glorious 12th is not the beginning of the Grouse hunting season, as some would suggest, but the far superior National Mackem Day which is also celebrated on 12 August. Paul Swinney, author of the Mackem Dictionary suggests: 

National Mackem Day is the chance for Mackem’s around the world to celebrate their heritage.

A Mackem, in case you are wondering, is a noun used to describe someone born in, or around, the city of Sunderland, a city in the North East of England. So, grab a brew and get ready for a good old Mackem read! 

Granted a Charter in 1179 when a small fishing village, Sunderland is situated at the mouth of the River Wear in the North East of England.

Sunderland map

We are often known as Wearsiders, but Mackem is the more familiar, though some would say derogatory, term. The word Mackem came into popular use in the 1980’s. 

Where does the term Mackem originate?  One explanation is that it stems from “mackem and tackem” with mackem an interpretation of the local pronunciation of “make them” (roughly “mack ’em”) and tackem from “take them.” The expressions date back to the height of Sunderland’s shipbuilding history as the shipwright’s built the ships that sailed down the River Wear which would sail up the North Sea to Tyneside to be outfitted, hence the origin of the phrase of someone from Sunderland: “We make ’em and they take ’em.” ‘Mak’em and Tak’em!’ 

There is some disagreement, however, on the spelling of mackem! This is from the Sunderland Echo in 1953.


Someone once asked what the real difference was between a Mackem and a Geordie, and the reply was: A Geordie is a Mackem without brains!

Sunderland has used Nil Desperandum Auspice Deo (When God is on our side there is no cause for despair) as it’s motto since 1849. Which is rather optimistic, given the way the industrial heartland has been destroyed, some would say ‘ripped out’ in my lifetime. 

Coat_of_arms_of_Sunderland_City_CouncilSunderland was once hailed as one of the largest and most prolific shipbuilding towns in the world with thousands of wood, iron and steel ships built on the Wear from at least 1346. In it’s hey day there were sixteen shipyards along the Wear. It’s said that at one time over 50% of all ships sailing in the world were built on the Wear. There have been over 400 shipyards registered on the Wear but, sadly, none survive to this day.

shipyards on wear
During World War Two the yards launched an extraordinary 245 merchant ships (27% of all merchant ships built at that time) winning Royal and political praise for keeping Britain supplied with essential items such as food and fuel. 

Sunderland, in case you hadn’t picked this up, is the place of my birth and upbringing. I was born in the Colliery village of New Silksworth, the son, grandson and great-grandson etc., of a miner. The Carr family were some of the first miners down the pit when it was opened in 1868. I still remember my dad returning home after his last shift when it closed on 6 November 1971. The closure of the colliery decimated my community – it has never fully recovered and hastened my moving away. Read my article about the Durham Miners Gala

Silksworth Colliery
I attended the local Independent Methodist Chapel as a child (then Calvary Fellowship) and New Silksworth Infant and Junior School’s and Ryhope Comprehensive (occasionally). I worked in sales at Joseph Thompson’s Timber Merchants in Hendon and even played in Silksworth and Ryhope Colliery Brass Bands until I moved away in 1988 because of work. This is my heritage and one of which I am fiercely proud. 

Living away from Sunderland, with a still strong Mackem twang, has caused people to refer to me as a Geordie in many of the places I’ve lived and worked.  I’ve often had to bite my tongue and gracefully remind them that I’m actually a Mackem and to let them know, in no uncertain terms, that they couldn’t have offended me anymore if they tried.


It’s important to recognise, especially for those of you reading this article ‘darn sarf’ that not everyone from the North East is a Geordie – those uneducated Sassenach’s who live on the River Tyne, hail from Newcastle and support the mags. You know the ones I’m talking about: they remember Wor Geordie, Ant and Dec, Cushy Butterfield and Alan Shearer whilst we revere Sir Joseph Swan, Kate Adie, The Lake Poets, George Clarke and Jordan Henderson. Read Ten Mackems who put Sunderland on the map Sunderland is the place where Benedict Biscop founded the Wearmouth–Jarrow monastery in 674.  13 things you may not have known about Sunderland. 

What stokes the rivalry between ‘us and them’ apart from Football – especially now that Sunderland languish in the lower leagues and Newcastle are in the Premiership? Newcastle and Sunderland have a history of rivalry beyond the football pitch, dating back to the early stages of the English Civil War; the industrial disputes of the 19th Century and 20th Century – especially during World War II when Wearside was seen as taking away work from Tyneside. There are also political rivalries after the 1974 creation of the County of Tyne & Wear, rather than the traditional County Durham.

Macken words
There is also a significant difference between the Mackem and geordie dialect! People from Sunderland use words such as: ‘Ellish, Ket, Haddy On, Nowt and Radgie’ that only people from Sunderland will understand. If you’re from ‘Sunlan’ you’re bound to have said these words  This is also an interesting read Academic confirms that the North East speaks ‘properly!’ But we knew that already!

This compilation below (RJX Media) includes many famous Sunderland landmarks. If you’re a Mackem, I wonder if you know what and where they are? 

img_4481So, a happy National Mackem Day to all my marras in Sunderland, and further afield. Don’t forget to celebrate and be sure to suck some Sarsaparilla tablets, enjoy a bowl of Panackelty with some Stottie Cake, finished off with a Pink Slice, and slurp a bevvy, or two, of Double Maxim Ale.

Haway the lads!

One of my favourite artists to come out of Sunderland in recent years is The Lake Poets aka Martin Longstaff.  Marty played an unforgettable House Gig at Billericay Rectory in November 2016. The following is a song he wrote about living in Sunderland – a city by the sea! 


And finally … 


Mackems never say die

Updated August 2021.